To create a cloud account, all it takes is a few minutes and a few more clicks. You might not think twice about joining up for cloud services like Gmail or Azure. But in the process, are you overlooking security? Are you aware of where your data is kept or who has access to it? Cloud services are undoubtedly easy to install, but they also heighten security risks.
Organizations previously misjudged cloud security concerns, according to Gartner, but the trajectory is now shifting, with corporations underestimating cloud-related dangers. If your company is one of these, your cloud operations may be vulnerable to hacking efforts, which can harm your reputation and result in penalties.
We’ve discussed the most important cloud security risks to be aware of, as well as solutions to mitigate them, in this article. But first, let’s go over some cloud computing fundamentals.
What Is Cloud Computing?
The transmission of software applications and IT resources (e.g., servers, networks, data centers, storage, and processing power) through the internet is known as cloud computing. Simply stated, instead of purchasing and sustaining IT applications and services, you purchase them from a cloud service provider (CSP). Upgrades and support are handled by the CSP, and you pay a monthly or an annual membership price for the services you utilize.
Because the CSP provides exclusive services for your organization, private cloud services are more expensive.
Cloud Computing Models
Any of the three models below can be used to start using cloud services:
Software-as-a-Service (SaaS) – Third-party sellers provide software applications through the internet in this manner. The cloud program does not need to be installed on your computer, and you may access it by logging onto your account online. Some samples of SaaS include Gmail, Dropbox, and Microsoft 365.
Infrastructure-as-a-Service (IaaS) – Vendors use the internet to supply IT infrastructure services such as servers, storage, data centers, networking, and virtualization. Physical hardware and IT infrastructure are expensive; thus, IaaS services are a good alternative. IaaS providers include Microsoft Azure and Amazon Web Services.
Platform-as-a-Service (PaaS) – Third-party suppliers provide the tools and platforms needed to build software applications in this paradigm. Users of PaaS are typically software developers who save time by not having to write code from scratch. PaaS providers include Google App Engine and Microsoft Azure.
Top 3 Cloud Risks You Should Be Aware Of
Cloud security concerns include distributed denial of service (DDoS) attacks, ransomware attacks, and data breaches. Let’s go over the major concerns you should be aware of while using cloud technology.
1. Cloud data is difficult to see and control
When working in the cloud, you may not be aware of where your information is stored, how it is saved, or who has access to it. Although you obtain advantages like the convenience of use and low up-front expenses, data visibility and control are compromised.
This limitation of visibility and control restricts your ability to define clear rules about how your data should be gathered and stored, who is responsible for its security, and who can view it, among other things. Insufficient data governance in the cloud can lead to regulatory noncompliance and consequences for your company.
2. Your data is at risk from unscrupulous co-tenants and sloppy insiders
Your data is controlled by a third party in the cloud, such as your CSP, which poses security concerns. Even if your CSP has implemented all necessary data security safeguards, hackers may still gain access, and things can get even worse if you use a public cloud shared by several tenants. Even if you aren’t the main target, you can still be a victim of disruption or a data breach.
3. It is difficult to completely delete your data from the cloud
When you erase your data from the cloud, what happens next? Is it eliminated, or does it leave behind traces? According to much research, removing a cloud-stored file does not necessarily indicate that no copy or instance of the file resides elsewhere. Your files are frequently copied to several data centers by cloud providers as a precaution and to ensure continuous service.
When you delete a file from your cloud service, your cloud service provider usually classifies it as “deleted,” but it isn’t immediately removed from the cloud server. Instead, the file is kept in a different location for a certain number of days. To get rid of all traces of the file that you deleted, you’ll need to request a permanent deletion of it. After all that, you can’t be certain it is gone completely.